How A Boston School Uses Design To Help Heal Students’ Trauma

Madison Searcy, a kindergarten 1 student, makes a collage of a house at Codman Academy, which has been designed to help students who may have trauma. Like much of the school, the art room is lined with natural woods and large windows to connect students with the natural environment. (Peter Balonon-Rosen/WBUR)

BOSTON -- Walk into any classroom, in any school, and you're likely to find students suffering from severe trauma. Even students in kindergarten? Unfortunately, yes.

When Dorchester’s Codman Academy Charter School expanded to include kindergarten students two years ago, executive director Meg Campbell found herself face to face with this sad fact.

"The children coming in, the 4- and 5-year-olds, so many of them were so ... traumatized," recalls Campbell. "Clearly traumatized."

She was seeing the kind of severe trauma that typically runs rampant across all grades in urban schools. Trauma from constant exposure to violence. From emotional, physical or sexual abuse. From daily worries about food, housing or safety. Beyond that, those kindergartners had grown up in the aftermath of the 2008 recession and as a result, Campbell says, had many of their social services cut.

Now, to support its entire student body, Codman has turned somewhere unique: the very walls of the building that its lower and middle schools moved into this year. Using what's known as "trauma-informed building design," the newly renovated space harnesses architecture as a tool to address students' social and emotional needs. Read More →

5 Questions With ‘The Prize’ Author Dale Russakoff

Then-Newark Mayor Cory Booker, left, and Mark Zuckerberg, center, CEO of Facebook, listen as N.J. Gov. Chris Christie talks about schools and Zuckerberg's donation of $100 million to help Newark public schools, on Sept. 25, 2010. (Rich Schultz/AP)

When Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg announced on "Oprah" in 2010 that he was donating $100 million to the city of Newark to improve its schools, longtime Washington Post reporter Dale Russakoff decided to follow along and see what happened next. Over the next four years, she talked with teachers, parents, students, administrators, politicians, donors -- just about every major figure in the story, in Newark and beyond -- to build a deeply researched, nuanced and thoughtful report.

The result, her book "The Prize," has just been published to widespread acclaim. In it, Russakoff details the missteps and controversies that plagued the reformers from the beginning -- starting, perhaps, with their decision to announce the gift on national television before telling anyone in Newark about it. Even with an additional $100 million in matching funds, the largesse seems to have done shockingly little to improve the quality of Newark's public schools.

Anyone who's interested in how to improve urban schools -- and how not to -- will find a wealth of information and insight in "The Prize." By focusing deeply on one city's issues, the book illuminates many of the problems that all cities face. Read More →

Guest Commentary: Something Is Rotten In The State Of Massachusetts

In this photo taken Feb. 12, 2015, practice test books sit on a table in the Sixth grade English Language Arts and Social Studies classroom at Morgan Elementary School South in Stockport, Ohio. Students in Massachusetts and eleven other states who take Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for Colleges and Career (PARCC) exams will spend about 90 minutes less on testing starting next school year. (Ty Wright/AP)

By Rebecca Steinitz

An Open Letter to Gov. Baker about Transparency, Accountability and the PARCC Test

Dear Gov. Baker,

Eighteen months ago, I wrote an open letter to President Obama in which I shared my deep qualms about the quality and efficacy of the PARCC test. The letter quickly went viral, suggesting that the nation’s parents, teachers and politicians shared my concerns. In the subsequent year and a half, our concerns have only escalated, an opt-out movement has emerged, and a growing number of educators have spoken out against the increased focus on testing in American education.

I wish I were writing to you today, Gov. Baker, to tell you that my concerns have been assuaged and that I am ready to embrace the PARCC tests. Unfortunately, I am not. Instead, I am writing to express my new concern: that the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE) and Commissioner Mitchell Chester are recklessly pushing Massachusetts into the PARCC test, without giving educators, citizens and lawmakers the information we need to make a real choice about our children’s educational future. Read More →

Holyoke Schools Turnaround Plan: Longer Days, Possible Cuts, New Programs

Dr. Stephen Zrike Jr. was named receiver of Holyoke Public Schools in July. (courtesy Holyoke Public Schools)
Updated October 2, 2015, 11:08 am

State officials plan to turn around Holyoke Public Schools by lengthening the school day in elementary and middle schools, creating individualized college and career plans for high schoolers, focusing more intensively on English-language learners and disabled students and overhauling the district's assessment system.

Under the turnaround plan for the struggling Pioneer Valley school district, released Thursday, the district would also reallocate funds from the central office to individual schools whenever possible. Because most of the budget goes to salaries, the plan notes that staffs may be cut.

"We must ensure that those expenditures are made in the most effective manner to increase student learning," the plan states. "Therefore, principals will have the authority to ensure that the most effective staff are selected and retained." Read More →

As State’s First Virtual School Grows, So Do Concerns

The Massachusetts Virtual Academy at Greenfield (MAVA)'s computer lab for students at their main office in Greenfield, Mass. (Hadley Green for WBUR).

At a lunchtime meeting, teachers from the Massachusetts Virtual Academy at Greenfield are swapping classroom stories between bites of salmon and roasted potatoes. It’s a late August day, the first in a week of teacher training, and these educators know the coming year will bring back some challenges they’ve encountered before in their online-teaching careers.

“In virtual it’s different. You need to be constantly checking for understanding to make sure there’s comprehension,” says Jason Martin, who’s in his third year as an English teacher at the academy. “You can’t see the kid; they can see you.”

But as teachers focus on their challenges in the online classroom, others are raising concerns about the nature of the Greenfield school itself. Based on per-pupil spending, WBUR estimates that the school received more than $4.1 million of public money for student tuition in 2014, but it ranked among the lowest performing 20 percent of public schools in the state that year. The academy has been on probation since October 2014.

Mitchell Chester, the state's commissioner of elementary and secondary education, recommended probation then, primarily because, he told the state education board, he had "concerns regarding the academic performance and governance of this virtual school, which has declined each year since 2010." Read More →

Boston Launches 10-Year Plan To Update School Facilities

In this May 2015 photo, Tommy Chang speaks with students during a lunchroom visit to Boston International Newcomers Academy, a Boston Public School that embraces immigrant adolescent English-language learners. (Jesse Costa/WBUR)

BOSTON -- In hopes of updating Boston schools to meet modern teaching demands, Boston Mayor Marty Walsh launched a comprehensive facilities overhaul on Tuesday.

"The most important investment we can make is in our young people," said Walsh in a statement. "We do that by supporting their education and making sure they have the best opportunities and learning facilities available to them."

In a joint partnership between Boston Public Schools (BPS) and city education officials, the city will develop a 10-year master plan that may include renovations, repairs or additions to existing facilities and new construction proposals. Walsh said it could cost over $1 billion. Read More →

Detailed MCAS Results: Mostly Up, But Some Concerns

Mitchell Chester, Massachusetts commissioner of elementary and secondary education, says he is “very pleased” overall with the 2015 MCAS results, despite some concerns. (Peter Balonon-Rosen/WBUR)

Updated at 12:06 p.m. 9/24/2015

Mitchell Chester, Massachusetts commissioner of elementary and secondary education, is “very concerned” about this year’s MCAS reading scores in the early grades, he said in a telephone press conference Wednesday. In addition, he said the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education is investigating “anomalies” in math test results for 10th graders at Boston English High School.

But he said he is “very pleased” with overall results on the 2015 Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System tests. The state released district-by-district and individual school results Thursday.

The district and school results showed that “most have either improved or held their own,” Chester said. That’s in line with the statewide results released Monday, which also included partial results from PARCC, the alternative test that Massachusetts is currently considering as a replacement for MCAS.

Although Boston English sophomores showed improvement in English, with 33 percent more of them than last year scoring proficient or higher, Chester said the state was not releasing math scores for those students because “I saw some anomalies on the math side that I want to review before we release them.” He said he had “no indication” of cheating but would not comment further before investigating. Read More →

MCAS Scores Rise As State Also Releases First PARCC Results

The results for this year’s MCAS, the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System standardized tests, were released along with the first Massachusetts results for PARCC, the Partnership for Assessment for Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) test, which were lower overall than the MCAS results. (Jose F. Moreno/AP)

BOSTON -- At most grade levels, a higher percentage of students scored proficient or higher on the 2015 MCAS tests than in 2014, according to figures released Monday. In addition, the same proportion of sophomores -- 88 percent -- passed this year's test on their first try as did in 2014.

The results for this year's MCAS, the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System standardized tests, were released along with  the first Massachusetts results for PARCC, the Partnership for Assessment for Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) test, which were lower overall than the MCAS results.

State officials cautioned, however, against comparing the two tests directly because the PARCC data is preliminary. It includes only those students who took the test on computers; results for the handful of districts that used pencil and paper are due out by November.

The MCAS results also indicate that, while white students continue to score higher than their peers, the achievement gap is narrowing, officials said. Read More →

Guest Column: Let’s Dump The ABC’s — And D’s and F’s, Too

When we focus on grades, argues guest columnist Alden S. Blodget, students can't focus on learning. (Amboo who/Flickr)

By Alden S. Blodget

The votes are in. Experience, common sense and neuroscientists agree: People don’t learn when they are scared. Well, they learn, but they don’t learn math or history or whatever lessons schools are actually trying to teach. Kids learn to hate school or to fear Mr. Smith or even to hate themselves, and the cause is so frequently connected to grades that it’s a wonder we continue to revere them.

Too often, grades create a fog of fear and loathing, or at least despair and frustration, that poison those on both sides of the desk. They can turn teachers and students into antagonists when they should be natural allies, one helping the other to develop new skills and knowledge, make sense of the world and find a meaningful place in it.

Many students see grades below A as mirrors of their stupidity or unworthiness. Like most of us, students don’t like being criticized or judged, so they react defensively, usually by wadding up the essays and tests containing the labor of their teachers' thoughtful comments and suggestions and hurling them, unread, at the wastebasket, sparking a jolt of anger in the teacher. Or they seek the teacher out, not to learn how to improve but to challenge the grade, putting the teacher on the defensive. Parents call teachers to berate them for the grades they have “given” their children. Read More →

Boston Proposes Combining Charter, District Enrollment Applications

In this January 2014 photo, families submit their applications for BPS fall enrollment in kindergarten, sixth and twelfth grades at the Dorchester Welcome Center. (Jesse Costa/WBUR/File)

BOSTON -- Boston students would be able to apply simultaneously to charter and district schools under a proposal that Mayor Marty Walsh plans to release Thursday.  It comes just as Boston students file a lawsuit to lift the charter cap in the state.

Currently, families enter one lottery for district seats and another for each charter school they wish to apply to. Under the proposed system, families would enter the same home-based Boston Public Schools lottery for both public and charter schools.

"[The plan would] provide one application, one portal and one deadline for parents who want to make choices and who need to make choices about schools," Rahn Dorsey, chief of education for the City of Boston, told WBUR. The proposal is being handled by Dorsey and Rachel Weinstein, chief collaboration officer for the Boston Compact.

The proposed plan could also effectively change charter schools that opt into the enrollment process from citywide schools to neighborhood schools. Currently charter schools may accept students from throughout the city. Under the proposed process, Weinstein said, students would be given a choice of charter schools based on where they live, just as they are for district schools. Read More →